First Man to Climb Mount Everest Twice

First Man to Climb Mount Everest Twice

Nawang Gombu is the first man to climb Mount Everest twice. He reached the summit of Everest with the American expedition in 1963 and with the Indian expedition in 1965. Nawang Gombu is the nephew of the legendary Tenzing Norgay, the first man to reach Everest in 1953.

Nawang Gombu was part of the American Expedition in 1963, led by Norman Dyhrenfurth. The expedition was supported by the National Geographic Society. Nawang Gombu reached Everest on May 1, 1963 at 1 PM along with Jim Whittaker. In the process, Whittaker became the first American to reach Everest. Nawang Gombu conquered Everest second time in 1965 as part of the Third Indian Expedition, with Captain M.S Kohli as leader. He reached the summit on May 20, 1965 along with A.S. Cheema.

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First Man to Climb Mount Everest Without Oxygen

Phu Dorji was the first man to climb Mount Everest without oxygen. He reached the Summit of Everest on May 9, 1984 via the standard South East Ridge route on the expedition from India led by Darshan Kumar Khullar. Phu Dorji was also part of the 3rd Everest expedition under the leadership of Capt. M.S. Kohli in 1965. Before the 1965 expedition, there were two Everest expeditions in 1960 and 1962, but both the expeditions failed due to adverse weather in the Everest region. Phu Dorji along with Maj. Bhahuguna, Harish Rawat, and HPS Ahluwalia reached the summit on 29 May 1965. Phu Dorji died in May 1987 in the Kanchanjunga Expedition of Assam Rifles.

First Indian Woman to Climb Mount Everest

Bachendri Pal is the first Indian woman to climb Mount Everest. She achieved this feat on 23rd May 1984. Bachendri Pal was part of the fourth expedition, named Everest 84. She was one of the members of the elite group of six Indian women and eleven men who were part of the group. Bachendri Pal was the only woman in the group to reach the summit.

Bachendri Pal was born in 1954 in Nakuri village, Garhwal. Her first exposure to mountaineering was at the age of 12, when during a picnic she along with several schoolmates climbed a 13,123 feet high peak. After completing her studies, she joined the Nehru Institute of Mountaineering (NIM). In 1982, while at NIM, she climbed Gangotri (21,900 ft) and Rudugaria (19,091 ft). In 1985, Bachendri Pal led an Indo-Nepalese Everest Expedition team comprising of only women. The expedition created seven world records and set benchmarks for Indian mountaineering.

First Indian woman to cross English Channel

Arati Saha was the first Indian woman to swim across English Channel. She achieved this feat on 29 September 1959. Arati Saha swam from Cape Gris Nez, France to Sandgate, England. She swam the 42 miles in 16 hours 20 minutes, and hoisted the flag of India at Sandgate. For her achievement Arati Saha was awarded Padmashri in the year 1960. Arati Saha was also the first Asian woman to swim across English Channel. Later, Anita Sood became the fastest Asian woman to cross English Channel.

Arati Saha was born on 24 September 1940 in Kolkata, West Bengal. Right from her childhood, she was interested in swimming. From 1945 to 1951 she won 22 State competitions including an all-India record in 1949. She also took part in the Helsinki Olympics in 1952. Arati Saha died of jaundice on 23 August 1994. In 1998, Indian government issued a stamp in her memory.

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