First Musician to Receive Padma Bhushan
MS Subbulakshmi was the first musician to get Padma Bhushan (1954) and Padma Vibhushan (1975). She was also the first musician to receive the Ramon Magsaysay award for Public Service in 1974.
MS Subbulakshmi was a legendary Carnatic musician. She was popularly known as Nightingale of India and was famous for rendering of Bhajans. MS Subbulakshmi was born in the temple city of Madurai on September 16, 1916. She began her Carnatic classical music training under Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer and then Hindustani classical training under Pandit Narayan Rao Vyas. She also acted in a few Tamil films in her youth. MS Subbulakshmi was conferred with Bharat Ratna in 1998.
More Music Facts
Illayaraja is the first Indian to compose a symphony. Illayaraja composed a full-length western classical symphony in July 1993. The hour long symphony was composed by him in one month. Illayaraja is the first Asian whose symphony was performed by John Scott of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra which is patronized by Queen Elizabeth and whose president is Lord Yehudi Menuhin.
Illayaraja is also a famous film composer, singer, and lyricist. He has composed over 4,000 songs and provided background music for more than 800 Indian films in various languages. He has thrice won the National Film Award for Best Music Director.
First Hindi Rap Album was "Thanda Thanda Pani" by Harjeet Singh Sehgal, popularly known as Baba Sehgal. The album was a remake of "Ice Ice Baby" by Vanilla Ice. The album recorded sales of more than 30,000 copies.
Baba Sehgal is an engineer by profession. His first Album was Dilruba (1990) followed by Alibaba (1991). Thanda Thanda Pani was his third album. His music video Dil Dhadke had the distinction of being the first Indian music video ever to be shown on MTV Asia. Baba Sehgal has appeared in the main lead in the Hindi Film "Miss 420". He has also given music for the movies "Dance Party" and "Bhoot Uncle".
First gramophone record in India was made in Kolkata in 1898. In 1877, Thomas Edison invented a sound machine which he called phonograph. Hemendra Mohan Bose, an Indian entrepreneur, imported the phonograph of Edison and made the cylinder record. The records were popularly known as Bose's record. Rabindranath Tagore recorded the 'Bande Mataram' here in his own voice.
The Gramophone & Typewriter Ltd recorded the first Indian song in their Beliaghata factory in 1898. There are different opinions about the recorded song of the first professional singer. The inventor of disc record, Frederick Gaiesburg of Germany, arrived in Calcutta on 27th October, 1902 to record the songs of the native singers. His desire was to send these records to Hanoever, make them into discs and then sell them in Calcutta. He is said to have gone to a theatre hall on 5th November, 1902, and recorded the songs of Gaher Jaan.
There is another version according to which the 'Gramophone & Typewriter Ltd.' recorded the song of Sashi Mukhi on 25 cm. disc in 1902 for the first time. The song was adopted from the play 'Sri Krishna'.