Gwalior Gharana is the oldest gharanas of Hindustani Music. Gwalior Gharana is the oldest of the khyal gharanas and the one to which most of the others gharanas trace the origins of their style. It is believed that the Gwalior Gharana was founded in the 16th century by Nathan Peer Baksh and Nathe Khan. They were musicians at the court of Raja Mansingh Tomar (1486 - 1516 AD). Later on grandsons of Nathan Peer Baksh, Haddu Khan and Hassu Khan, further enriched the gharana and took it to greater heights. Gwalior Gharana is marked by its lucidity and simplicity. Some of the famous exponents of Gwalior Gharana were Pt. Shri Balkrishnabuva Paluskar, Pandit Vishnu Digambar Paluskar, Rehamat Khan, Aptebua, Paranjpebua, Vasudevbua, Shankar Pandit, Eknath Pandit, Anant Manohar Joshi, Krishnarao Shankar Pandit, Gajananrao Joshi, Sharadchandra Arolkar, Omkarnath Thakur, Vinayakrao Patwardhan, Narayanrao Vyas, B.R.Deodhar, D.V.Paluskar, Kumar Gandharva and Shankar Rao Bodas.
To win a gold disc
To win a gold disc, an album needs to sell 100,000 copies in Britain, and 500,000 in the United States.
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Bageshwari Qamar is the first woman shehnai player of India. Bageshwari Qamar learnt Shehnai from Ustad Bismillah Khan. She was crowned Shehnai Queen at Chandigarh in 1983, the year she made her debut. Bageshwari has recorded a jugalbandi with Ustad Bismillah Khan apart from solo cassettes. She represented India at the Bharat Mahotsav at Russia in 1988.
Bageshwari Qamar is the daughter of Jagdish Prasad Qamar, the only disciple of Ustad Bismillah Khan, who joined him as per the traditional Gurukul system. Jagdish joined Ustad Bismillah Khan at the age of 10 in 1946. He lived and learned shehnai at the Ustad's house in Benaras.
Sharan Rani is the first woman sarod player of India. Born in 1929 in Delhi, Sharan Rani is playing Sarod for nearly 70 years. In fact, she is also popularly called as Sarod Rani. Sharan Rani learnt sarod from eminent musicians such as Baba Allauddin Khan and Ustad Ali Akbar Khan. Sharan Rani has performed concerts throughout the world. Jawahar Lal Nehru called her "Cultural Ambassador of India".
For her achievement in music, Sharan Rani was awarded the Padma Shri in 1968 and Sahitya Kala Parishad Award in Delhi in 1974. She received the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for Hindustani Instrumental Music in 1986. Sharan Rani is one of the three women to be conferred the title of "Gems of Indian Music" by the Government of India, the other two being Lata Mangeshkar & MS Subbulakshmi.